Distance degree programs for Adults & Professionals.
Bircham International University - Adult Degree Programs Online.
Doctor Ph.D. Degree - Life & Earth Sciences
Optics via distance learning
This Doctor Ph.D. Degree describes light behavior and propagation. Light is the electromagnetic radiation that extends from x-rays to microwaves and includes the radiating energy that produces the vision sensation. It depicts all optically related aspects of vision.
The Doctor Ph.D. Degree online via distance learning offers students the highest level of specialization a discipline can offer. More info...
* 45 to 72 academic credits above a Master's program.
* Average Duration: 24 months.
* Program Structure: 70% textbooks + 30% Thesis.
* Admission is open for adults over 27 years of age.
* Master's degree or international equivalent (5 years of study) is required for admission.
Fees include all: Program of study, textbooks, study guide, evaluation and assessment, diploma, and transcript.
Cost per BIU earned postgraduate credit: 130 Euros (170 US$)
Cost per transferred credit from previous education and/or professional experience if required: 20 Euros (25 US$)
45 ... 72 Academic credits
Tuition Fee :Min. 5.850 Euros (7.650 US$) ... Max. 9.360 Euros (12.240 US$).
"Live as if you were to die tomorrow. Learn as if you were to live forever. " Mahatma Gandhi.
Payment plans are available upon request up to 36 monthly installments. More info...
Doctor Ph.D. Degree
Optics via distance learning
45 ... 72 Academic credits required for this distance learning degree program.
+ 24 Academic credits - Optics Online
+ Other additional subjects
+ 18 Academic credits - Research methodology and final project or thesis.
+ 24 Academic credits: Optics Online
BIU Earned Credits
Credits earned through the completion of academic work at Bircham International University (Reports, Projects and Thesis).
1 BIU Earned Credit = 1 USA Semester Credit (15 hours of learning) = 2 ECTS Credits (30 hours of study).
Courses list (each subject accounts for 3 academic credits):
You may study any subject as an independent online continuing education course. More info...
Postgraduate level continuing education course.
Previous knowledge in this field of study is required.
601OPT - Nature of Light
602OPT - Optics & The Human Eye
603OPT - Optics
604OPT - Spectroscopy
605OPT - Optical Lenses
606OPT - Optical Systems
607OPT - Optical Alteration
608OPT - Optical Instruments
Bibliography: Optics via distance learning
The corresponding textbooks are included in the fees. Once the fee has been paid, the books may take between two to five weeks to reach your address. Bircham International University offices may inform you at any time of the status of your books. If the book is in English, the required report must be written in English unless you have requested to write it in other language and have gained Bircham International University authorization. More info...
Click here to access the recommended bibliography.
+ Additional courses may be selected from other modules in the Faculty of Life & Earth Sciences from Bircham International University if required. This selection must be approved by the Distance Learning University Education Board. For example: Physics.
Research work resources and network - Doctor - Optics:
ABCI - Associação Brasileira do Comércio e Indústria de Óptica
ABDO - Association of British Dispensing Opticians
AFOP - Association Française de l'Optique Photonique
ALDOO - Asociación Latinoamericana de Optometría y Óptica
APOMA - American Precision Optics Manufacturers Association
ECOO - European Council of Optometry and Optics
EOS - European Optical Society
FMO - Federation of Manufacturing Opticians
FODO - Federation of Ophthalmic and Dispensing Opticians
OC - Optical Confederation
OSA - Optical Society of America
SBMO - Sociedade Brasileira de Microondas e Optoeletrônica
SEDO - Sociedad Española de Óptica
SFO - Société Française d'Optique
SPIE - International Society for Optics and Photonics
UDO - Union Des Opticiens
Joining the proper association is the best way to become an updated professional. Bircham International University graduates may join many professional associations. Membership requirements for each association may vary depending on the degree program, specialization and graduate resume en each occasion. BIU can not guarantee membership in all instances. BIU does not intermediate in these procedures. Bircham International University provides a list of available memberships and professional references from each faculty where some BIU graduates may belong. Contact directly the ones you select. More info...
+ 18 Academic credits (Research methodology and final project or thesis. More info...).
Admission requirements: Doctor - Optics
Bircham International University distance learning degree admission requirements differ depending upon the Faculty and the major of study. There is no discrimination with respect to race, color, sex, beliefs and/or religion. A minimum of 30% of the total number of credits required by any adult degree program syllabus has to be transferred from previous education and/or validated from professional experience in order to gain admission. A maximum of 20% of the total number of credits required by the distance learning degree program can be transferred from professional and life experience. More info...
Click to Download... Application for Admission
Learning outcomes: Doctor - Optics
The following learning outcomes are compatible with the European Qualifications Framework (EQF) for lifelong learning and continuing education. The EQF directives facilitate acceptance of this course credits by many higher education institution. These learning outcomes are achieved after completion of this course with a passing grade. Better grades will demonstrate higher analysis, evaluation and critical thinking skills. More info...
EQF LEVEL 6. Advanced knowledge and critical understanding.
Outcome resulting from course content assessment and its applicability to problem solving.
The student's ability to combine the different parts of the text and to form a new coherent and harmonic final report will determine the critical understanding of the subject and an advanced knowledge of Optics. The student written report style, content, and structure play an important role in the assessment and applicability of the knowledge about Optics to different Life & Earth Sciences decision making scenarios and problem-solving. More info...
EQF LEVEL 7. Advanced knowledge and critical thinking.
Outcome resulting from written critical thinking and its applicability to problem solving.
The student will contrast and evaluate the learned material with his/her own knowledge and experience to express an opinion about Optics, to consider the practical application of the key concepts, and to argue the conclusions along the written report. Personal judgments and opinion should be based on sound criteria and must be clearly discussed. More info...
Doctor Ph.D. Degree - Life & Earth Sciences
Recognition - Distance degree programs - More info...
Accreditation - Distance Learning University - More info...
Degree Legalization - Graduate Services - More info...
Acceptance of these Distance Learning Higher Education academic credits is always the prerogative of the receiving institution or employer. Recognition criteria differ depending on each educational institution, or company policy, or country legal framework.
Doctor Ph.D. Degree - Optics